Role of Sewer Utilities
Residential, commercial and industrial premises un various activities that require water and removal of wastewater hence water and sewer utilities are very important. Potable water is provided into the industrial, commercial and residential premises through the use of the water utilities to ensure that all activities that require water run continuously with little or no disruption. Once potable water has been used, wastewater is generated which needs to be removed from all the premises by use of the sewer utilities into a commonplace. Pipes for facilitating service delivery in water and sewer utilities usually run together as they both serve the same region although some sewer utilities run underground. The water pipes are required to be above the sewer pipes to avoid contamination of the potable water in case there is a leakage in the sewer pipes.
Waste water carried in sewer utilities is taken to a common place for disposal or treatment to make it safe for disposing into the environment. All waste water from all premises in an area is carried in those sewer utilities as long as it is connected. Sometimes the sewer utilities are made such that they can also carry storm water mostly in town areas where the surfaces are unable to allow the water to infiltrate into the soil. Some areas also put in place two separate sewers to carry both the sewage and the stormwater. With the two systems, sewage and storm water can be managed differently as they have different wastes and can be put into different use when recycled. In a treatment plant where wastewater is taken, the organic nod inorganic pollutants are removed making the water safe for disposal into the environment. For these services to be successful, the user needs to pay for them as they are paying for the water utilities since most are run by the same company in most regions. The payments collected are used in the maintenance of the sewer utilities.
Septic tanks are also a type of sewer utilities that are commonly used in areas where the area is nor connected to the municipal sewer utilities. Septic tanks are either made of concrete, plastic or fiberglass to collect wastewater. Septic tanks are mainly used in residential areas since the wastewater generated is not a lot. The septic tanks also have a mechanism of treating the wastewater disposed of which is then released into the environment. Observing some key measures ensure that a septic tank functions properly. This includes avoiding disposing too much oil into the septic tanks or dangerous chemicals that are likely to damage the septic tank or even kill bacteria responsible for treating the waste water. Septic tanks should be placed beneath the ground and they should be made in a way that they do not leak r release odors into the environment. Septic tanks are also required to be located at least 5 feet from the house in most areas.